Gum disease is a serious problem and oral health has a major impact on overall health. Those with gum disease are at greater risk of stroke and heart disease among other major problems related to the mouth directly. If you have bleeding gums, sore gums, or other signs of gum disease, there are a number of remedies available based on the extent of the problem. Scaling and root planing are among those indicated for early-stage gum disease.
How Does the Procedure Work?
Gum disease is caused by plaque and tartar that build up below the gumline. In the simplest possible sense, scaling refers to the removal of this plaque. Plaque itself is a film of bacteria that accrues along your teeth. The bacteria cause serious damage to your gums. It also causes the gums to pull away from the teeth creating pockets where bacteria can build up.
Root planing is a second technique that is used. Root planing smooths the roots of the teeth to make it easier for the gums to reattach. This effectively eliminates the pockets and makes it more difficult for plaque to accrue.
Does it Hurt?
During the procedure, you are given a local anesthetic to numb the cluster of nerves that send signals to your gums. While the procedure isn’t necessarily painful, it isn’t exactly enjoyable either. You would find people going to a recreational dentist to have the procedure performed if they didn’t really need it.
Additionally, there may be some sensitivity and pain to the gums after the procedure is performed. Bleeding is common. This will all pass in about a week.
It’s important to prevent infection during the healing process. Your dentist may prescribe an antibiotic, a mouth rinse, or both. In some cases, the dentist will insert antibiotics directly into the pockets that were left behind during the scaling. Additionally, you will need to follow up with your dentist after the first appointment. They will need to be sure that your gums are healing properly and head off any infection that might set in.
What Happens if My Gum Disease is Too Advanced?
The infection can be treated by other means. If your gums don’t respond to other treatments, your dentist will schedule you for gum surgery. The gums are moved away from the teeth, the plaque is removed, and then the gums are sutured back into place. It’s not ideal and it’s more invasive than other gum treatments, but removing the infection is worth the temporary discomfort.
In even more advanced situations, your dentist will have to make an incision in the gums themselves to access the pockets of tartar that have built up between the teeth and gums. Additionally, some have lost gum tissue, so tissue taken from the roof of your mouth will be required to replace it.
Talk to Peak Dental Today
While gum disease may not seem serious, it puts you at increased risk for stroke and heart attack. Talk to Peak Family Dental Care today. No matter how advanced your case is, we have a solution.