Understanding & Treating Macrodontia


Macrodontia is the opposite of microdontia. Instead of your teeth being smaller than usual, teeth grow larger. To ensure that all your teeth grow to an expected size, your body sends signals to the tooth to continue growing. At some point, those signals stop. But what happens if they don’t? In that case, your tooth can continue getting larger and larger. This results in much more serious dental issues than a tooth that is too small. The larger tooth can push your other teeth out of alignment and create the perfect conditions under which gum disease can fester.

In this article, we’ll discuss macrodontia and dental approaches to managing the condition.

Types of macrodontia

There are only two “true” types of macrodontia. Another similar condition can occur when an individual has a very small head relative to their tooth size. It causes similar problems but does not have a similar cause. Hence, treatment approaches can be the same even when the reason for the problem is different.

The two other forms of macrodontia involved oversized teeth (not undersized mouths). One form of macrodontia is extremely rare. This is called isolated macrodontia. It’s characterized by one tooth that is growing larger than the others. Alternatively, generalized macrodontia means that all of your teeth have the same issue. Treatment approaches to macrodontia may involve a collaboration between your dentist and your primary doctor or specialist depending on what is causing abnormally large teeth.

Should I be treated or have my children treated?

Your dentist can help you determine the benefits and drawbacks to treating a malformed tooth. Generally, however, the circumstances surrounding your abnormal tooth will need to be investigated. In cases where it’s causing actual pain in your mouth, then removing and replacing the tooth would be an option. However, determining what caused the tooth to grow at a different rate than the other teeth needs to be a primary concern. In some cases, it can be an indication of a rare genetic disorder that causes people to become giants. It is also known as pituitary giantism. The body is continually sending signals to grow and get larger. This affects your teeth and everything else. Controlling the gigantism is necessary because if the patient is allowed to grow unchecked, they will eventually die.

Concerns with macrodontia

The biggest concern will be tooth crowding. Without discussing various reasons why macrodontia occurs, if your mouth is too small for your teeth, they will come in on top of each other leaving openings between teeth that allow gum disease to fester. The more jagged your teeth are, the more likely you will face premature issues related to gum disease. So ultimately, the decision to treat the condition will depend on how well aligned your teeth are.

Contact a Macrodontia Dentist in Cottonwood, AZ

If you are concerned about your child’s teeth or a malformed tooth, call Peak Family Dental Care in Cottonwood today to schedule an appointment and we can begin discussing your options.

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