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What is Hyperdontia?

By September 14, 2021 September 21st, 2021 No Comments
X-Ray

Hyperdontia is an extreme genetic condition characterized by the unfettered eruption of teeth in the mouth. In extreme cases, people with the condition can have upwards of 40 teeth in their mouth. The teeth, called supernumerary teeth, will result in overcrowding, a serious problems for the patient. Imagine if your first set of teeth had another set of teeth behind them. And those had another set behind them!

Understanding Hyperdontia

Hyperdontia is simply a condition characterized by extra teeth in the mouth. The form or type of tooth can help define what sort of hyperdontia is occurring, but the treatment generally remains the same. Hyperdontia is caused by a genetic mutation and is linked to several genetic conditions. The presence of hyperdontia generally narrows the scope of the diagnostic process to help doctors determine what genetic disorder is responsible for the eruption of unnecessary teeth.

Treatment approaches to hyperdontia

Hyperdontia is not necessarily a major problem. Some people can live perfectly normal lives while having a few extra teeth. Problems arise when your mouth can’t handle the added capacity. So, if you have one or two extra teeth, it’s not as big of a deal than someone with several extra teeth that are coming in all over the place.

When you discuss the condition with your doctor, be sure to inform them if your condition is reducing your quality of life or impairing your life at all.

Mass extraction

The standard approach to medicine is: If it doesn’t belong there, remove it. Of course, this makes sense logically, but it may not always be the best thing to do. Complications can arise from even minor surgery, so the decision to remove the teeth will depend on the risks and rewards. You should consider getting surgery to remove extra teeth if:

  • They cause you discomfort
  • They’re causing your regular teeth to come in poorly
  • You have difficulty swallowing or chewing
  • It’s delaying the eruption of permanent teeth
  • It’s causing damage to your teeth or mouth

Depending on whether or not your hyperdontia is decreasing the quality of your life, your dentist will recommend extracting the superfluous teeth.

Is extraction right for me?

Maybe. If your hyperdontia is causing extreme discomfort, difficulty eating or swallowing, or difficulty brushing, it may be necessary to remove the extraneous teeth. In many cases, however, a patient will decide to do nothing, which is usually fine.

The biggest risk with hyperdontia is gum disease. Gum disease occurs when bits of food become stuck between crevices in the teeth and lead to plaque and tartar. Those with advanced hyperdontia are at increased risk of suffering from gum disease which can lead to tooth loss and other problems.

Talk to a Crowded Teeth Dentist Today

If you’re suffering from hyperdontia, the Cottonwood dentists at Peak Family Dental Care can discuss treatment options with you. If you choose to have the teeth extracted, we can perform that procedure safely and comfortably. Call today to schedule your appointment!

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